Truth + Tolerance
Issues of pluralism and postmodernism
"If you were born in India you would be a Hindu."
There is an old parable about six blind Hindus touching an elephant. One blind man touched the side of the elephant and said it was a wall. Another blind man touched the ear and said it was a large leaf of a tree. Yet another blind man was holding a leg and thought it was a tree trunk. Still another blind man took hold of the elephants trunk and said it was a snake. Someone else was touching the elephants tusk and believed it was a spear. Another blind man had the elephants tail in his hand and was calling it a rope. All of the blind men were touching the same reality but were understanding it differently. They all had the right to interpret what they were touching in their own personal way, yet it was the same elephant.
People have used this old parable to share their opinion or viewpoint that no one religion is the only route to God (pluralism). Pluralists believe that the road to God is wide. The opposite of this is that only one religion is really true (exclusivism).
What could a thoughtful person say in response?
- Just because there are many different religious answers and systems doesnt automatically mean pluralism is correct.
- Simply because there are many political alternatives in the world (monarchy, fascism, communism, democracy, etc.) doesnt mean that someone growing up in the midst of them is unable to see that some forms of government are better than others.
- That kind of evaluation isnt arrogant or presumptuous. The same is true of grappling with religion.
- The same line of reasoning applies to the pluralist himself. If the pluralist grew up in Madagascar or medieval France, he would not have been a pluralist!
- If we are culturally conditioned regarding our religious beliefs, then why should the religious pluralist think his view is less arbitrary or conditioned than the exclusivists?
- If Christian faith is true, then the Christian would be in a better position than the pluralist to assess the status of other religions
- How does the pluralist know he is correct? Even though he claims others dont know Ultimate Reality as it really is, he implies that he does. (To say that the Ultimate Reality cant be known is a statement of knowledge.)
- If the Christian needs to justify Christianitys claims, the pluralists views need just as much substantiation.
If we cant know Reality as it really is, why think one exists at all? Why not simply try to explain religions as purely human or cultural manifestations without being anything more?
- © Paul Copan, 'True for You, But Not for Me' (Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1998) and used by kind permission of the author.